ON A STUDY OF STAGGERED LEAPFROG SCHEME FOR LINEAR SHALLOW WATER EQUATIONS
L. Krismiyati Budiasih, L. Hari Wiryanto
In this paper, we present an analytical and numerical study of staggered leapfrog scheme for linear shallow water equation. It is shown that the scheme is stable when Courant number < 1, has second order accurate in both time and space, and there is no damping error in this scheme. We implement the scheme to simulate standing wave in a closed basin to show that the surface motions stay zero in a node and have constant amplitude at the antinode. For an external force given into the basin, it will induce a resonance, which cause the wave amplitude is getting bigger at the position of antinode. Moreover, we simulate a wave in a tidal basin, and show that the model has infinite spin up time. For a linear shallow water equation with linear friction, it is shown that the model has finite spin up time.
Keywords: leapfrog method, shallow water equations, tidal basin.